Texas Hold'em is a variety of poker that was first played in Robstown, Texas, at the start of the 20th century. It made its Las Vegas debut during the 1960s, having been introduced in several casinos. After featuring in the 1970 World Series of Poker, it became more popular still.
A distinct feature of Texas Hold'em is that five community cards are dealt face-up into the middle of the table in three stages. Prior to that, each player is dealt two hole cards. Players must decide how to proceed on the strength of these two cards and may fold, call or raise.